The ever-growing impact of human living on nature has prompted many people, including governments, to reduce the negative impact by switching to more environment-friendly ways of living. One of the key changes that people, organizations, and governments are making around the world is to replace fossil-based fuels with renewable solar energy using the right solar panels.
These solar panel’s structure absorbs the sun’s light and convert it into energy that can be used to power homes and businesses. The fundamental building block of this entire energy system is a solar panel, and this is why we will be seeing more about the structure and security of these panels now.
How do solar panels work?
To put it simply, solar panels absorb sunlight as a source of energy and convert it into electricity. These panels use metal frames that consist of brackets, reflectors, and troughs to support the overall structure. Such a combination of items makes it easy to hold multiple photovoltaic modules within it.
A photovoltaic module is the central piece of a solar panel and they typically contain about 6 X 10 photovoltaic solar cells. These individual solar cells and photovoltaic modules are connected with each other, so the process of absorption and conversion can happen in parallel to give the desired capability and output.
The construction of a solar panel and solar panel’s structure determine the amount of electricity that can be produced from different frequencies of light, though no solar panel today can tap into the entire range of frequencies. A lot of research is going on to make it easy for the solar panels to absorb the lowest frequency ranges such as ultraviolet and infrared frequencies.
Some of these solar modules also come with smart sensors that track the efficiency and output of each panel. Based on this information, one can make the necessary changes to boost the efficiency of each solar panel. Solar panel size has a big bearing on the amount of electricity it can generate. Needless to say, large panels can generate more electricity.
The efficiency also depends on where the solar panels are placed. Ideally, you should keep solar panels on the roof or on open areas that get the maximum sunshine. Keeping it anywhere under a tree or any other source of shade defeats the very purpose of these panels. In fact, that’s why solar panels are also called as rooftop panels.
Maintenance of Solar Panels
If the installation is one side of the coin of a solar panel, maintenance is what completes it. Regular solar panel cleaning is essential to ensure that they work at their optimum capacity.
But otherwise, they need little maintenance and they are very durable. In general, these solar panels can last up to 25 or 30 years without any maintenance, though regular cleaning is recommended to increase their performance. This cleaning process is also fairly simple. Simply spray water using a garden hose to remove all the dirt and impurities that tend to get collected on these panels. You will have to do this dusting about two to four times a year.
You can even take the help of professional solar panel companies to handle this cleaning for you. Some of them offer yearly contracts as well.
Security of Panels
Security is another essential aspect because there have been many cases of solar panel thefts. Some ways to secure your solar panels are:
- Install movement detection sensors or lights on your rooftop, as this can deter thieves from attempting a robbery.
- Engrave your name or other forms of identification on the solar panels, so the same cannot be sold off to other customers.
- Consider using locks or nylon coated wires to lock down your solar panels.
- There are many anti-theft fixtures available today. Consider investing in any of them.
- Use systems that use rail and one-way screws to lock all panels next to each other. This will make it difficult to remove individual panels from the entire structure.
To conclude, solar panels can help to reduce our carbon footprint by tapping into the renewable and readily available solar power. This requires the use of solar panels that are fairly easy to install and maintain.